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Document type: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Access type: Acesso Aberto
Title: Dietary intake, body composition and metabolic parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Author: Cunha, Nayara Bernardes da
First Advisor: Souza, Daurea Abadia de
First member of the Committee: Nonato, Isabella Lopes
Second member of the Committee: Prado Filho, Francisco Cyro Reis de Campos
Third member of the Committee: Melo, Fernanda Godoi
Summary: Background & aims: Overweight polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients present exacerbation of clinical symptoms and increased risk for chronic diseases. The effects of inadequate dietary intake have been investigated in body weight gain in PCOS women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary pattern and to analyze possible associations with the metabolism and body composition in PCOS women. Methods: A case-control study was performed with thirty-nine women diagnosed with PCOS and thirty-five control women, matched by age and body mass index. A body composition assessment was performed by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and food intake was assessed using the seven-day food record. The metabolic parameters evaluated were fasting glucose, insulin, Homeostasis Model Assessment-estimated Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) index and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Results: No significant differences were observed in dietary intake of women with or without PCOS. In the analysis of the associations between dietary intake, metabolic parameters and body composition, PCOS women showed an inverse correlation between dietetic fiber intake and HOMA-IR index (p=0.024; r=-0.365). Also in PCOS group, dietary fiber intake presented an inverse correlation with total body fat (p=0.011, r=-0.401), trunk fat (p=0.015, r=-0.388), and android fat (p=0.006; r=-0.431). PCOS women group had higher glucose 120’, compared to those without PCOS (p=0.015) Conclusion: These results provide evidence that the adequate intake of dietary fiber contributes to more appropriate body composition and glucose metabolism in PCOS women and possibly toward the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases.
Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome
Dietary pattern
Body composition
Metabolic parameters
Language: por
Country: Brasil
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Quote: CUNHA, Nayara Bernardes. Ingestão dietética, composição corporal e parâmetros metabólicos de mulheres com síndrome do ovário policístico. 2018. 28 f. Trabalho de Conclusão de Residência (Especialização em Nutrição Clínica) - Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, 2018.
Date of defense: 9-Feb-2018
Appears in Collections:TCR - Ciências da Saúde

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